The question here is how lifestyle choices affect our health. There are many factors that influence our health. The options are from biomedical factors such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels to behavioral factors such as whether we smoke, drink alcohol, or get enough exercise.
Some risk factors are ‘modifiable’ because they can be removed or reduced through changing our habits, or through changes in our environment. Besides, as an example, a person who is obese may change his/her exercise and eating habits to lose weight, or somebody who smokes may decide to reduce or give up because of the price of cigarettes increases.
Many chronic diseases (like heart disease, cancer, and diabetes) share common lifestyle choice related risk factors such as:
- physical inactivity
- poor nutrition
- risky alcohol consumption.
Coronary heart disease kills more people than any other single disease, yet it is mostly preventable.
Are We Active?
For adults, the suggested minimum level of activity for health benefits is 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity or 15 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity, or moreover, an equivalent combination of both each week.
Doing physical activity is right for you when you are doing nothing. Even if you are now not doing any physical activity, then start from a little and gradually increase the amount slowly.
Indeed, intense physical activity always requires some effort, but the fact that you can say easily while initializing the business cannot be ignored. Examples are active outside-play, walking, swimming, racing, or riding a bike or cycle.
Vigorous-intensity activities require more effort, and you have to inhale air faster than before. Examples are quickly running, fast-playing actively, or tasks that involve different physical strength.
Move More, Sit Less:
The Guidelines recommend for adults to behave:
- Reduce the time limit of sitting without doing anything.
- Break the daily time and regularly work as possible.
The Habit Of Drinking(Lifestyle Choices):
Extreme alcohol consumption is a significant cause of ill health and social harms. Besides, alcohol use is responsible for most of the total burden of disease and injury.
The Habit Of Smoking(Lifestyle Choices):
Smoking tobacco is the leading risk factor that is many times, contributing to death and disease and is responsible for the overall burden of illness and injury. So, this may include the risks associated with past tobacco use, current use, and exposure to passive smoke.
Healthy Eating(Lifestyle Choices):
- Drink a good amount of water every day.
- Eat fruit and vegetables (at least two fruits and five vegetables every day).
- Adequate your portion (not very less nor so much).
- Avoid processed foods.
- Take regular meals – don’t skip – and always have a healthy breakfast (e.g. bowl of natural high fiber cereal with sliced banana and milk).
- Reduce alcohol intake.
- Surely have to avoid intake of ‘extra food. These foods may contain added fat, sugar and salt. Examples include soft drinks, chocolate, biscuits, cakes, pastries, chips, pies, and other junk street foods.
Always make sure that you eat a good balance of healthy foods, avoid drinking and smoking as much as possible. Moreover, doing exercise moderately every day is the key choice of a healthy lifestyle. Besides, all these will keep many diseases away from you and keep you smiling.